Making gifts during your lifetime can be a very tax-efficient way of passing on your wealth. If you make a gift to another individual, and it is not covered by any available exemption, it is known as a 'potentially exempt transfer'.
This transfer will be free of inheritance tax if you live for at least seven years after making it. If you die within seven years, the original gift will be included in your estate, but any growth in its value will not be included. If a 'potentially exempt transfer' becomes chargeable when you die within seven years of making it, depending on the size of the gift, taper relief may be available so that only part of the full tax has to be paid on the gift.